Civil litigation refers to the practice of handling lawsuits that are not associated with criminal charges on any party. Most common lawsuits that court of law receives under this category includes those involving debt settlement, trade secrets, defamation act, discrimination, personal injury, patent and business litigation.
The purpose of civil cases is to resolve the disputes that usually arise out of private laws regarding business, non-profit entities, or individuals.
How a person is supposed to go about filing one such case is controlled by constitutional provisions and separate statutory regulations. Therefore, the details of how to proceed ahead will vary depending on jurisdiction. That is why it is advised to both the parties involved in the lawsuit to understand the time implications of the case and underlying procedures.
Most of the civil cases are settled outside the court of law as they never proceed to the trial. However, if laws of multiple states are involved, that is when complications start rising. If more parties are involved, the lawsuit will keep getting more complicated.
Such lawsuits are quite common in the United States courts. If you are involved anyhow with one such case, it is important to proper knowledge about the proceedings, since such cases are highly time sensitive.
Jay Alan Sekulow is a famous civil rights attorney who has been fighting for rights of people since 1978. He can be seen discussing legislative topics on the call-in program called Jay Sekulow Live!